Cooperative Learning

Numbered Heads Together

Numbered heads together is a cooperative learning strategy which is very helpful for an ELT class especially in reviewing the material taught. Using this strategy each student is accountable for learning the material. Students are divided into groups and each student is given a number from 1 to 6. Teacher needs two dice of different colours, one will represent the group and the other the particular member within the group. Then the teacher poses a question and students put their heads together to discuss an answer. When the teacher roll the dice, students stop talking. The teacher calls a group and a group member, for example group 6 student 4. The student within the group whose number is rolled is considered as a spokesman and should answer the question. If the answer is correct the team scores 1 point, otherwise the dice are rolled again. This way will continue during the whole class.

By having students work together in groups, the strategy ensures that each member of the group knows the answer. This way they benefit from each other and revise the material taught previously as well. It is a very beneficial and flexible strategy in promoting discussion and revising the material taught as well as increasing achievement and self-esteem. It can be used in variety level of students.

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Ludo Game

It’s almost the end of the school year, let’s play Ludo and practise Irregular verbs.

A typical Ludo game where players take it in turns to throw the dice in order to move their tokens round the board. As soon as the player throws 6 he/she has the option to start to move another token round the board. When the player’s token lands on the space that is occupied with another player’s token then that player has to remove the token from the board and wait until they have thrown a 6 to start again.

This way, while students play Ludo game board activity they practise irregular verbs as well. So, every time they move their tokens round the board they have to say the past and past participle of irregular verbs.

The winner is the first player to get their four tokens to the center of the board landing on their matching coloured area.

Present Perfect Tense

Start the class explaining the definition, form and use of present perfect.

Use a board game activity to pactise the tense, develop fluency and have fun during the class.

The lesson is developed in groups using the following board game.

Students are divided in groups of four. Each player needs a counter and each group needs a dice. The game begins by throwing the dice to decide who is going to start. They start and continue the game asking questions extending their answers making short conversations according to the answers in order to develop fluency. If the answer is correct, student’s counter remains at the same place, if the answer is incorrect, the counter returns to its previous square. Students take it in turns moving around the board until one student reaches the finish. The one who reaches the finish is the winner.

Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

Teaching comparative and superlative adjectives are simple structures that fill an English class with lots of creativity.

Using board games may be a great activity to teach adjectives.

In the following board game I have included lots of adjectives students can use to describe things or people.

At the beginning of the lesson, I explain the definition, form and usage of adjectives following with examples.

Then I write ten adjectives that describe people on the board. Young, old, short, tall, happy, angry, smart, long, fat, slim (need them for later).

Afterwards, I divide students into groups of four and give each group a copy of board game. Then challenge them to write the adjectives in comparative and superlative (encourage them to ask for help if they need). Once the task is completed I go around and ask students to say the comparatives and superlatives.

Then I ask them to describe a student in the classroom. They use the board game adjectives as well as the adjectives written on the board at the beginning of the class. Ask them to use as many adjectives as possible in order to be the winner. If there is time, students will read their description otherwise it will be done in the next class.